This Supreme Court decision invalidated a law barring African Americans from jury service and refused to extend the Fourteenth Amendment to remedy subtle forms of discrimination. The three kinds of scrutiny used by the Supreme Court to discover whether discrimination is permissible. The decisions of the Spureme Courts had been ruled somewhere between inherently suspect and reasonable on.
This does not deny states treating classes of citizens differently if the classification is reasonable. Chief Justice Roger Taney declared that Congress had no authority to ban slavery in the territories in this case. These were enacted by Southern Whites in the late nineteenth century to segregate African Americans from Whites. The reality of neighborhood schools located in a areas that happen to be racially segregated is an example of. As a result of this Supreme Court decision, there was increased enrollment in private school by Whites in the South and threats to close public school.
This law made racial discrimination illegal in places of public accommodation and forbade discrimination in employment on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, or gender. This agency was created in and is charged with monitoring and enforcing protections against job discrimination.
Congressional districts that are intentionally drawn to give minority group voters a numerical majority. This prevented district boundaries from diluting the votes of African Americans and redrew district boundaries to avoid discriminatory results.
The Supreme Court ruled that state legislative redistricting plans to no violate the Voting Rights Act if they do not create the greatest possible number of districts in which minority group voters make a majority in this case. This case upheld the constitutionality of the removal of Japanese Americans from the west coast and their placement in internment camps during World War II.
In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that protection form discrimination to Hispanic Americans, guaranteeing their right to a free trial and it was the first case in which Hispanic lawyers argued before the Supreme Court. In this case, the Supreme Court held that employers are responsible for preventing and eliminating sexual harassment. This Supreme Court case decided that a compelling interest for promoting diversity on campus existed.
Sign in. Helpfulness: 0. Set Details Share. Government sheetz employee login America Chapter 5. Grade levels: 9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, 12th grade. Subjects: ap american government and politicspolitical scienceamerican governmentstate. Strauder v. West Virginia. Equal protection of the laws. Dred Scott v. The Thirteenth Amendment. The principle of "separate but equal" was used to justify segregation in this case.
Plessy v. Brown v.Advanced Placement AP. As a high schooler, you're undoubtedly on the verge of participating in the democratic process. It's a great time to learn more about the structure and history of our government and how politics actually work.
You've probably been taking notes in your AP US Gov class based on your teacher's lectures and what's written in your textbook, but it can be nice to have all the info you need in one place.
This article will give you links to notes on every topic in the AP US Government curriculum along with a few tips on how to study effectively. Due to the COVID coronavirus pandemic, AP tests will now be held remotely, and information about how that will work is still evolving.
These notes may be used throughout the year if you're looking for materials to help you review for in-class tests. It's a smart idea to supplement the notes in this article with more detailed notes from your AP Gov class or a review book. You might find that your review book or textbook outlines certain topics more clearly or contains a more consolidated list of key concepts.
If you're using these notes to prepare directly for the final AP US Gov exam, I recommend taking a full-length official practice test before reviewing them. You can then decide which topics to target based on where you made the most mistakes on the practice test.
It's more efficient to do things this way rather than reading through all the notes indiscriminately. It's also nice to get used to the format of the AP Gov questions and the timing of the exam before you get too far into your studying. You might discover that you have more issues with timing or question wording than with content knowledgein which case you'll want to focus on doing additional practice questions. The exam covers six main topicseach of which has several major subtopics.
These notes have practice questions that go along with them at the end, which can be used to help you retain the information you read. You can also look at these detailed political timelines from CourseNotes to put all these concepts in context and see how they've impacted American history.
These documents are love letters to democracy that show the Founding Fathers' devotion to political equality for all citizens i. Here are some helpful tips to keep in mind as you look through these AP Government notes.
Tailoring your study strategies to the structure of the curriculum and the format of test questions is the first step toward earning a high AP score! US Government is one of the more technical humanities subjects, so the free-response questions have multiple parts that only require short answers.
In most cases, if you give a valid example or definition and a short explanation, you'll earn points. There's no reason to pad your answers with unnecessary fluff or write them in an essay format.
Make sure you review plenty of free-response questions and scoring guidelines to get a better idea of what's expected on the test in comparison to, say, a history or literature AP exam. There are a number of important court cases and legislative acts that have dramatically shaped US politics over the years. Be sure that you understand the most prominent of these before you take the test; they will come up often in both sections.Shared Flashcard Set.
Description Chapter 5 and 6. Total Cards Subject Political Studies. Level 10th Grade. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Supporting users have an ad free experience! Flashcard Library Browse Search Browse. Create Account. Additional Political Studies Flashcards.
Term Civil Liberties. Definition protections provided by Constitution against abuse of Gov't Power. Term civil rights. Definition refers to protecting certain groups from discrimination.
Term Freedom of expression. Definition right of people to speak, publish and assemble. Term freedom of religion. Definition people shall be free to exercise religion and gov't can't establish a national religion.
Term Prior restraint. Definition censorship of publication, rules telling newspaper what it can publish. Term Clear and Present Danger Test. Definition Law should not punish speech unless there is a clear and present danger of producing harmful actions. Term Libel.
Definition Writing that falsely injures or defames another person. Term Symbolic speech. Definition An act that conveys a political message. Term Free Exercise Clause. Definition First Amendment requirement that a law can't prevent free exercise of religion. Term Establishment Clause. Definition states the First Amendment ban on laws "respecting an establishment of religion". Term Wall of Separation.
Definition court ruling that government cannot be involved with religion. Term The Exclusionary Rule. Definition improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial. Term Search Warrant. Definition Judge's order authorizing a search.Shared Flashcard Set. Description Terms and definitions pulled straight from chaapter 5 of the AP Gov textbook.
Total Cards Subject Social Studies.
Shared Flashcard Set
Level 12th Grade. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Supporting users have an ad free experience! Flashcard Library Browse Search Browse. Create Account.
Additional Social Studies Flashcards. Term Constituency. Definition The district making up the area from which an official is elected. Term Delegate. Definition A representative who votes according to the preferences of his or her constituency. Term Trustee. Definition A representative who votes based on what he or she thinks is best for his or her constituency. Term Incumbency. Definition Holding a political office for which one is running.
Term Agency Representation. Definition The type of representation according to which representatives are held accountable to their constituents if they fail to represent them properly. That is, constituents have the power to hire and fire their representatives. Term Bicameral Legislature. Definition A legislative assembly composed of two chambers, or houses. Term Casework. Definition An effort by members of Congress to gain the trust and support of constituents by providing personal service.
One important type of casework consists of helping constituents obtain favorable treatment from the federal bureaucracy. Term Patronage. Definition The resources available to higher officials, usually opportunities to make partisan appointments to offices and confer grants, licenses, or special favors to supporters.If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website.
Ratification of the US Constitution : Foundations of American democracy Principles of American government : Foundations of American democracy The relationship between the states and the federal government : Foundations of American democracy Constitutional interpretations of federalism : Foundations of American democracy Federalism in action : Foundations of American democracy.
Interactions among branches of government. Congress: The Senate and the House of Representatives : Interactions among branches of government Structures, powers, and functions of Congress : Interactions among branches of government Congressional behavior : Interactions among branches of government Roles and powers of the president : Interactions among branches of government Checks on the presidency : Interactions among branches of government Expansion of presidential power : Interactions among branches of government Presidential communication : Interactions among branches of government.
The judicial branch : Interactions among branches of government Legitimacy of the judicial branch : Interactions among branches of government The Court in action : Interactions among branches of government Checks on the judicial branch : Interactions among branches of government The bureaucracy : Interactions among branches of government Discretionary and rule-making authority : Interactions among branches of government Holding the bureaucracy accountable : Interactions among branches of government Policy and the branches of government : Interactions among branches of government.
Civil liberties and civil rights. The Bill of Rights : Civil liberties and civil rights The First Amendment: freedom of religion : Civil liberties and civil rights The First Amendment: freedom of speech : Civil liberties and civil rights The First Amendment: freedom of the press : Civil liberties and civil rights The Second Amendment : Civil liberties and civil rights Balancing individual freedom with public order and safety : Civil liberties and civil rights.
Chapter 5: The American Political Landscape
Selective incorporation : Civil liberties and civil rights Due process and the rights of the accused : Civil liberties and civil rights Due process and the right to privacy : Civil liberties and civil rights Social movements and equal protection : Civil liberties and civil rights Government responses to social movements : Civil liberties and civil rights Balancing minority and majority rights : Civil liberties and civil rights Affirmative action : Civil liberties and civil rights.
American political ideologies and beliefs. American attitudes about government and politics : American political ideologies and beliefs Political socialization : American political ideologies and beliefs Changes in ideology : American political ideologies and beliefs Influence of political events on ideology : American political ideologies and beliefs Measuring public opinion : American political ideologies and beliefs.
Evaluating public opinion data : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideologies of political parties : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideology and policymaking : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideology and economic policy : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideology and social policy : American political ideologies and beliefs. Political participation. Voting rights and models of voter behavior : Political participation Voter turnout : Political participation Political parties : Political participation How and why political parties change and adapt : Political participation Third-party politics : Political participation Interest groups influencing policymaking : Political participation.
Groups influencing policy outcomes : Political participation Electing a president : Political participation Congressional elections : Political participation Modern campaigns : Political participation Campaign finance : Political participation The media : Political participation Changing media : Political participation. Mastery unavailable. Resources and exam preparation. Course challenge. Video 8 minutes The social contract Ideals of democracy.
Video 9 minutes 4 seconds Democratic ideals of US government Ideals of democracy. The ideas at the heart of US government Ideals of democracy. Video 7 minutes 53 seconds Democratic ideals in the Declaration of Independence Ideals of democracy. Democratic ideals in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution Ideals of democracy. Get Started Ideals of democracy.Gonzales Rd.
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AP Chapter 5. Text Widget This is a text widget. You can use a text widget to display text, links, images, HTML, or a combination of these. Edit them in the Widget section of the Customizer. What factors led to the different political paths taken by England and France in the 17th Century? How did conflicts over taxation and religion lead to civil war in Stuart England? Why were efforts to establish absolute monarchy successful in France but unsuccessful in England?
What were the main characteristics that defined the Polish, Austrian, and Prussian states in the 17th and 18 Centuries? How did Peter the Great transform Russia into a powerful, centralized nation? Two Models of European Political Development Why did England and France develop different systems of government and religious policies?
What were the most important issues behind the war between them, and who bears more responsibility for it? What was the Glorious Revolution, and why did it take place? What role did religion play in seventeenth century English politics? How did Louis XIV consolidate his monarchy? What limits were there on his authority? What were the goals of his foreign policy? How did he use ceremony and his royal court to strengthen his authority? Central and Eastern Europe How were the Hohenzollerns able to forge their diverse landholdings into the state of Prussia?
Who were the major personalities involved in this process and what were their individual contributions? Why was the military so important in Prussia? What major problems did the Habsburgs face and how did they seek to resolve them? Which family, the Hohenzollerns or the Habsburgs, was more successful and why? What were his methods of reform? How did family conflict influence his later policies?
Was Peter a successful ruler?
Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like this: Like Loading Post to Cancel.Political socialization — The process by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs. Political predisposition — A characteristic of individuals that is predictive of political behavior. Reinforcing cleavages — Divisions within society that reinforce one another, making groups more homogenous or similar.
Cross-cutting cleavages — Divisions within society that cut across demographic categories to produce groups that are more heterogeneous or different. Manifest destiny — A notion held by a nineteenth-century Americans that the United States was destined to rule the continent, from the Atlantic the Pacific.
Race - A grouping of human beings with distinctive characteristics determined by genetic inheritance. Ethnicity — A social division based on national origin, religion, language, and often race. Gender gap — The difference between the political opinions or political behavior of men and of women. Fundamentalists — Conservative Christians who as a group have become more active in politics in the last two decades and were especially influential in the presidential election.
Gross domestic product GDP — The total output of all economic activity in the nation, including goods and services. Socioeconomic status SES — A division of population based on occupation, income, and education.
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Essays Yale Essays Submit an essay. Government Notes. Demographics — The study of the characteristics of populations. Aboukhadijeh, Feross.
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